Measuring the Impact of Utilization: The Two PS Charters

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Utilization: A Hot Topic for Professional Services OrganizationsUtilization continues to be a hot topic of discussion and debate, and for good reason. Of all the key performance indicators (KPIs) that are tracked by professional services (PS) organizations, utilization arguably provides the greatest, most telling insight into a PSO’s operational performance, so getting it right is important. In this article, I’ll share one of the core fundamentals for effectively measuring and setting targets for utilization.

What Type of PS Organization Are You?

While you may be eager to dive into the nuts and bolts of utilization, we first need to start with context, as this will determine how you will set your utilization targets. By context, I’m referring to the charter of your PS business, and specifically which of the following two categories you fall into: 

  • PS Revenue/Profit Charter: The PS business is in place mostly to drive intrinsic, direct financial performance and profitability.
  • Product/Sales Support Charter: The PS business is in place mostly to support and drive the company’s core product business. 
What bearing does this have on utilization? A great deal. If your executive team is looking to the PS business to drive revenue and profits, your utilization targets and supporting structures (for example, your PS compensation plan) will be shaped to support this objective. Typically, PS organizations with a revenue/profit charter have a greater proportion of billable vs. non-billable time in their target utilization mix. 

Conversely, if the main focus of your PS organization is to support and enable your company’s core product business, you will likely place less emphasis on billable utilization hours and have more time allocated for non-billable work such as customer adoption and pre-sales support. 

To support this point, Figure 1 shows the current industry data from the latest snapshot  (Q1 2014) of TSIA’s core PS benchmark survey.

Figure 1

Billable Utilization

And the result is pretty clear: The target billable utilization profile for PS businesses that have a product/sales support charter is very different from those that have a PS revenue/profit charter. Fully 23 percent of the revenue/profit-driven PS businesses have target utilization of 75percent or higher, versus only three percent for the product/sales support chartered PS businesses. Conversely, 34 percent of the product/sales support oriented PSOs target utilization at less than 60 percent, versus only 15 percent of the revenue/profit-oriented PS organizations. Truly, there is no one-size-fits-all model. Not for utilization, and not for just about any other key PS business metric. 

Once you’re clear on your charter, you can begin to focus on the other core aspects of managing and measuring utilization. Watch this space for more posts on PS utilization. In the meantime, you might want to take a look at the Top Six Steps for Defining and Tracking Utilization.   

About the Author

Bo Di MuccioBo Di Muccio  is vice president of professional services research for TSIA. Keep the conversation going with Bo. He may be reached at

For a deep-dive into the trends and best practices that can help you to evolve your professional services charter, don't miss TSIA's June 27 Webinar: "June 2014 Industry Pulse - Professional Services," with TSIA executive director Thomas Lahthe latest trends in professional services.r on June 27 for more insights into this key PS charter. 


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Topics: key performance indicator (KPI), professional services, benchmarking, professional services organization (PSO)


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